SYMBOLS OF POWER AND AUTHORITY

THE SEAL

The House SealThe Official Seal of the House of Representatives is a symbol of authority which is affixed on all writs, warrants and subpoena issued by or upon order of the House or Speaker; and on all measures, orders, and resolutions approved by the House.

The Official Seal is in the charge of the Secretary-General.

The Seal of the House of Representatives originated from the seal of the Republic of the Philippines and represents the historical evolution of the country under the Spanish, American and Philippine rule.

LION RAMPANT OF SPAIN SYMBOL. Originating from the Royal Spanish Flag, the national ensign of Spain was used by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi in the actual occupation and colonization of the islands.

AMERICAN SYMBOL. The American bald eagle's right talon grasps an olive branch while the left talon grasps three spears. The olive branch stands for peace while the three spears stands for alertness in times of war.

PHILIPPINE SYMBOLS. Three five-point starts represent the solidarity of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao

The sun with eight rays represents the eight provinces which revolted first against the Spanish government during the revolution of 1896. They consist of Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Morong, Nueva Ecija, Laguna, Batangas and Cavite.

NATIONAL COLORS:

  1. White - stands for purity
  2. Red - stands for bravery
  3. Blue - stands for peace and unity

The 74 Stars in a circular formation represent the existing provinces in 1987, the year Congress was restored.

The words "House of Representatives - Philippines" refer to the bigger chamber of the Congress of the Republic of the Philippines.

1987 - the year the new Congress of the Philippines was convened after being abolished in 1972.


THE MACE

The MaceThe Mace of the House is a symbol of authority, which is displayed at the foot of the Speaker's Rostrum whenever the House is in session. It serves as the warrant for the Sergeant-at-Arms in enforcing order in the House upon instruction of the Speaker.

The Mace is in the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms.



THE GAVEL

The GavelThe Gavel is the symbol of authority of the Speaker during sessions; and, in his absence, by the Speaker Pro Tempore or any member designated to perform the duties of the Presiding Officer.

The Gavel is rapped to declare the regular session open, call the House to order, direct everybody to rise, declare a quorum, suspend session, resume session, approve a motion, approve a bill or resolution on second or third reading, instruct/direct the Secretary-General to take specific actions, direct the Sergeant-at-Arms to impose order/discipline in the Hall, refer bills and resolutions to appropriate committees, refer committee reports to the Committee on Rules, send communications to the Archives, inform the body that voting will be conducted, declare approval of a bill or resolution on second and third reading, and call for attention, silence, order in the House.